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handwriting identification   The Hindustan Times dated 18/02/96
    says, “......In today’s proceedings, which lasted for about five hours, (at Jaipur) he (Mr. Bansi Lal Gupta, the Returning Officer for Rajya Sabha elections) Read More
handwriting analysing   International Herald Tribune dated
    08/09/03 says, “Ashok Kashyap, a New Delhi-based Handwriting Expert with 40 years of experience Read More
handwriting expert   DELHI MID DAY dated 31/07/92 says,
    “Ashok Kashyap is a unique crime buster. His Forgery Detection Bureau Read More
handwriting expert   THE HINDU dated 02/08/91
    (Gurgaon Edition) says, “Mr. Ashok Kashyap runs a Private Bureau for detecting forgery Read More


Kashyap's International Forgery Detection Bureau
(Estd. Since 1935, Oldest running office in India / Asia )
Above C-Lal Chemist, Opp. Ritz Cinema, 1/1422,  Nicholson Road, Kashmere Gate, Delhi – 110006 (INDIA)
Phone : (O) +91 011 23983019
Telefax : (R) +91 011 27603244
Mobile : +91 9810379221
E-mail :



I have been in active practice for more then 47 years and have a unique distinction of having been consulted by Hon’ble Courts from several states in India, almost by every Nationalised Bank, Various Foreign Banks from several parts of India including foreign clients from abroad. I have been on the panel of several Nationalised and foreign Banks and Govt. Undertakings. I have appeared in numerous departmental enquiries conducted by several Banks, Govt. Undertakings & have given evidence before several courts all over India including Central Vigilance Commission, DRTS, TADA Courts, Special CIB Courts including Department Enquiries pertaining to Banks and Government Undertakings.


Our office occupies a high pedestal in terms of reputation and its sustenance and is probably the oldest existing office of the “Document Examiners” in the World today. It has produced several Experts of eminence in this profession. It was established way back in 1935 by my revered late Father Pt. Ugrasen Kashyap, who was a versatile genius, a colossal in the field, an erudite scholar, an educationist and an original thinker. He utilized his prodigy in editing various acclaimed journals on document examination in pre-independent era dominated by the colonial prejudice not very conducive for the growth of budding native experts those days in this field due to the prejudiced ourlook and keen patronage granted to the Anglo Indian Experts by the Bench. He in the midst of a stiff opposition won laurels all over India and Abroad having earned recognition for his precocity, brilliance, incorruptibility and accolade from such colossals as A.S. Osborn (Author of Several World Famous Books on the subject of questioned document examination) and Mr. Ordway Hilton, a modern giant in this field. He practised between the years 1935 to 1982 at this office.


“Rome was not built in a day” is a well known adage applied quite apposite in a proper context to our establishment. As I nostalgically contemplate about this historical establishment, my thoughts go embalmed with deepest gratitude to my elder brothers and all those whose contributions in shaping the destiny of this office are in no measure insignificant.

It is a cruel travesty of destiny exploited by the bedlam of history that the vibrantly glorious contributions of notable deserving men may be lost under the rubble of stony silence of the past.  My endeavors are to retrieve and resurrect them for the benefit of the present generation and the posterity.


My opinion & personal evidence before Hon’ble High Court of Singapore were graciously accepted in 1997. Our office has been receiving Original documents for opinion from Hon’ble Courts, Banks, Govt. Undertakings, DRTS, Police Departments & Private Parties from all over India & abroad for last 77 years since 1935.

I have examined thousands of contested documents including disputed cheques, stolen D/Ds, withdrawals, tempered and altered ledger sheets, loan papers, R.T.C.S., vouchers, applications, Marriage certificates, Letters of registration, Election Petitions, partition deeds, rent deeds, love letters, threatening letters, suicide notes, wills, promissory notes and Sale Deeds etc. received from various Courts, Banks, Police Departments, Govt. Undertakings and Private Parties among others in various scripts.

I belong to an illustrious family of experts & our office, the oldest in India is running since 1935. I received my initial training from my father Pt. Ugrasen Kashyap who was a stalwart in this profession for about 50 years. I also received my training from 3 other Senior Experts including Mr. V.N. Sehgal, Ex. Director, Central Forensic Science Laboratory Govt. of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, CBI. Further, I received my advanced training from International Association for Identification (IAI) at Orlando and Metro Dade Police Training Department at Miami (USA). I was also an invitee delegate at the 150th anniversary of the Royal Microscopical Society, London in 1989 and at the International Association for Identification Conference, Orlando (USA) in 1983. I went on a training and lecture tour abroad and also visited several important Laboratories like the Ontario Provincial Police Laboratory and Documents’ Section at the Centre of Forensic Sciences, Toronto (Canada) on two successive occasions to acquire the latest knowledge in the techniques of detection of forgeries and development of latent fingerprints. I was appointed as Regional Vice President for India in recognition of my professional standing by International Association for Identification (USA) in 1983. I have also visited various renowned Law Firms for examination of questioned documents at Singapore, Kualalumpur & Kuching (Malaysia).

I am a Life Member of the International Association for Identification (USA), an Ex-Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society (Oxford) and Ex-Member of the Canadian Identification Society (Canada). I am also a Life Member of several prestigious organizations like the Forensic Science Society of India, Indian Academy of Forensic Science and Indian Society of Criminology.


I am primarily a Senior Court Consultant and have received documents for opinion from almost every state of the country and have appeared for evidence before Hon’ble Courts in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, MP, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand etc. for opinion and have been regularly appearing for evidence in Courts for last 47 years. I have the honor to state with utmost humility that I am perhaps the only Expert whose reports have been directly submitted before Hon’ble Supreme Court of India & whose opinion & evidence have been accepted by Singapore High Court. Besides Banks, Courts & several Government Undertakings. Our office has been consulted by various Ministries (MPs/MLAs), Vigilance Departments, Firms, Airlines, Universities, Detective Agencies, Embassies, private parties & foreign counrtries including Bangladesh, Dubai, Kuwait, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Mauritius, Nepal, Nigeria, Singapore, USA & UK among others besides High Profile Clients all over India and abroad.

Our office during the last 77 years has rendered creditable services to the Bench & the Bar, Govt. of India’s Ministry of Home Affairs, Special Police Establishment, Anticorruption Department of Northern Railway, Delhi Police, Railway Police, Railway Board, Municipal Corporations, Majority of Nationalised & Foreign Banks, and several other agencies among others.

We reaffirm our pledge to rededicate ourselves to impartial, honest and prompt services and our firm commitment to deliver professional services (Opinions) latest within a week of the receipt of documents to assist the Hon’ble Courts & other agencies in the prompt administration of Justice. Our opinions can be filed before Hon’ble Courts in Civil, Criminal & revenue cases and also a FIR can be lodged on their basis and are universally acceptable.


As I look with nostalgia drifting into the distant hoary legendary, historical & fabulous past of this office with a deep sense of pride, wonder and satisfaction. I solemnly acknowledge with the deepest gratitude and humility without the least braggadacio, the profuse generosity and the charitable response of our benevolent patrons worldwide lavished in a substantial measure keeping the fire in our dogged sprit for conscientious service kindled and un-extinguished since the inception of this establishment. This proverbial munificence has indeed kept our office blessed & alive all these long years.

An exclusive section is being dedicated with reverence & as a mark of gratitude, tribute and respect to the holy memory of my late father Pt. Ugrasen Kashyap (Founder of this establishment) & two elder brothers Late Shri Brij Bhushan Kashyap (of Jaipur office) and Shri Purshotam Kashyap (of Agra office), all eminent Handwriting Experts (authoritatively known as Precursors to this profession during pre-independence era & as a Kashyap family of Experts) whose untiring efforts have been responsible to bring this establishment to the zenith of glory. Some rare photographs, important references from past Court Judgments & correspondence hinting at their association with some of the most important luminaries of the past and monumental appreciations are the hallmarks of this section to keep the contemporary generation and the posterity suitably well informed about the course of the long meandering professional journey that has assiduously continued to justifiably pronounce Pt. Ugrasen Kashyap truly  a genius and this institution as a “Mecca” in this profession in the annals of history. The name of Late Shri Brij Bhushan Kashyap (who practised at Delhi office between 1950 to 1958 and thereafter at his Jaipur Office till 2006) shall also go down in golden letters in the history of post-independence experts in India as indeed a prodigy whose fame had a meteoric rise to the pinnacle of glory in this profession allover India & Abroad in a short period by sheer dint of his exceptional & singular devotion and dedication. Several landmark Court judgments & appreciations in India & Abroad bear an eloquent testimony to his professional brilliance, vision and popularity before the bench & bar. Their concerted effort has bequeathed a unique & rich examplary legacy that shall be cherished for all the times immemorial by the posterity & all those interested in & connected with this subject. Some of his innovations in the methodology including the emphasis on the utility of “Juxtaposition Charts” in Expert testimony & enhancing the credentials by accumulating systamatically the presentation of Judicial opinions were meant to greatly improve and enhance the quality of performance of the professionals.

It is indeed mindboggling to conceive as to how a person from a distinctly humble background (our father) without any connections could wade through the vicissitudes and the turbulence of the odyssey singlehandedly to climb up on to the top of the ladder of unique phenominal success and assume a formidable, invincible stature in the attainment of which best of the human endeavor and the benediction of divinity both combined together appear to have had a glorified contribution.

............... Gems from Achievers


Extracts from Court Judgments relating to Late Shri Ugrasen Kashyap, Handwriting Expert (Founder, 1935)


“Today I had an opportunity of visiting the laboratory of Mr. Ugrasen Kashyap B.A. LL.B. Document Expert. I was highly pleased at the methods of detection of forgery which he explained me. Within a very short time of about a year, this expert has got a reputation of being honest and impartial expert.

He has appeared in a few cases in my court and his opinions and methods of arriving at these opinions attracted me to his laboratory, in my opinion, his services will prove very useful in detecting forgery. I wish him success”. 26/06/36 (Sd.) BALK RAM P.C.S .................................................................... Judge Small Cause Court, Delhi

  Extracts from Court Judgments

In the Court of Sh. Bawa Niranjan Singh B.A., P.C.S., Subordinate Judge 1st Class, Gurgaon

Civil Suit No. 1407 of 1934 Sita Ram son of Bensidhar, Mahajan through Mutsaddi Lal Mukhtar-i-am Farukhnagar, Distt. Gurgaon, Plaintiff


Shib Dayal and Ganga Sajai sons of Kidar Nath of Mauza Farrukhnagar Tehsil and District Gurgaon, defendants. Claim for recovery of Rs. ______ on account of rent.

“… Now as to the Expert evidence, it is true that defendants have produced the Government Expert and the expert produced by the plaintiff is comparatively younger in this procession. But the evidence of the former cannot be accepted simply because he happens to be the Government Expert, and that of the latter cannot be rejected, because he is a private expert. Honest Experts, who are freshers in this profession, are bound to take more pains, and devote more time, and therefore are likely to arrive at correct conclusions.
The Govt. Expert, with all his experience did not find anything suspicious about the signature or stamp on the contested receipt Ex. D6. I have examined both with the aid of the magnifying glass, and I am in full agreement with the plaintiff’s expert that the stamp on Ex.D6 was removed from some other documents and put on this……
I have therefore no hesitation to agree with plaintiff’s expert (Ugrasen Kashyap) and hold that the receipt Ex.D6, is not genuine. Consequently I decide this issue against the defendants”.

  Sd. Bawa NIranjan Singh
S.J. 1st Class
     More than 7 decades old judgment..........................Govt. Expert Disbelieved

In the court of Sh. Atta Ullah Qureshi, B.A. (Hons) LL.B., P.C.S., Sub Judge, Batala, District Gurdaspur (Punjab) Civil Suit NO. 506 of 1935 decided on 28th April, 36

  Extracts from Court Judgments

“In this case, the thumb impression of the defendant on the pronote in suit was sent to the Phillaur Bureau for comparison, but the report was that the same is undecipherable. After the receipt of this report, my learned predecessor vide his order dated 24/10/35 sent the thumb impression for comparison to one. Mr. Urga Sen, an expert at Delhi. The report of this expert alongwith its photo enlargements has been received by this court and the expert has also been examined on interrogatories. In exhibit C.I., the expert has given his reasons in arriving at the conclusion that the pronote in suit is thumb-marked by the defendant and these reasons appeared to be very strong. The expert has clearly stated that there appears to be no dissimilarity in the thumb-impression on the pronote in suit and the one obtained in court. This being so, it appears to me, that the plaintiff has succeeded in establishing that the pronote in suit was executed by the defendant. There being no rebuttal worth the name, I decide the issue in favor of the plaintiff”…..Sd. Atta Ullah Qureshi, Sub-Judge-III, Class Batala, Punjab ……….….Opinion believed in preference to Punjab Govt. Fingerprint Bureau’s opinion.


Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, Vice Chancellor, Benares Hindu University, vide his appreciation dated 22/02/1928 says, “…..Ugrasen was one of our best students. The principal of the college has very high opinion of his merits. I have no doubt that he will prove successful as a headmaster and therefore I strongly recommend him for such an appointment”. ............................................................................................... Glorious Tribute

Note: Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya was the Founder of the Baneras Hindu University, an erudite vedanta scholar and a nationalist who attended the Round Table Conference at London with Mahatma Gandhiji around 1922.

Extracts from Memorable Letters                   Glimpses from Archives

  1. Sweet & Maxwell, Ltd., Law Publishers (Estb.1800) 2 & 3, Chancery Lane, London, W.C.-2 (U.K.) vide letter dated 06/11/1939 says, “…..Please therefore send us a set of the parts (of Document Disputes) issued to date….. On receipt of your bill for the subscription due, we will send you a remittance.”
  2. The Editor, The Indian Police Gazette, Park Street, Calcutta, vide letter dated 02/08/1939 says, “…..We thank you for your letter of the 28th July and for the three copies of “Document Disputes” you  sent us….. We shall be glad to get a specially contributed article from your pen.”
  3. Mr. Ordway Hilton, Associate Editor, The American Journal of Police Science, Northwestern University, School of Law, Chicago, Illinois (U.S.A) vide letter dated 16/05/1940 says, “….I personally have read with interest the copies which accompanied your letter. Consequently I should like to enter a subscription with you, commencing with the issue which followed the December, 1939 number (Vol. 1, No. 7)….. My copies of “Document Disputes” should be sent to me C/o the Chicago Police Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory, South State Street, Chicago, Illinois USA”.
  1. Mr. Nick Kessler, Kessler Book Service, West 38th Place, Los Angeles, California (USA) vide letter dated 21/10/1940 says, “…..We have had a very nice acknowledgement from Mr. Osborn for the set we sent him, with your card enclosed of “Document Disputes,” and he has requested that a subscription be sent him. You are aware of his outstanding position in the field of document examination and I would strongly urge that you place his name on your subscription list and send him copies as issued with your compliments.” Historical and Monumental Observation

  2. Editor, Identification News, Vol. 7, No. 4 International Association for Identification (USA) in April-May, 1957 issue says, “...Our congratulations to Ugrasen Kashyap, Examiner of Questioned Documents, Andhra State, India. He is editor and publisher of a monthly magazine, “The Document Examiner and Scientific Detective”. The copy which we received was most interesting, the articles are well written and showing the enormous amount of study and effort that he has put into his life’s work. We wish him all success with his new venture”.
  1. Lt. Simon B. Reyes, Jr., Republic of the Philippines Province of Rizal Municipality of SAN JUAN Police Department vide letter dated 26/12/1958 says, “In several issues of the “JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW, CRIMINOLOGY and POLICE SCIENCE” (USA), your magazine has been mentioned and quoted upon relative to some valuable articles featured therein”.
  2. Mr. Po Sai, Advocate, Higher Grade Pleader, Pyinmana, Burma vide letter dated 14/02/1956 says, “….. Believing that you are still publishing your esteemed monthly magazine on Document Disputes, will you kindly send me 1954 & 1955 volumes per V.P.P.?.”
  3. Mr. M.C. Ghelani, Near Police Station, Advocate, Mbale, Uganda (S.E.Africa) vide letter dated 29/12/1954 says, “…..It is my intention to refer to you one document to ascertain the ‘age’ of Ink of the signature of the signatory thereto)…..”
  1. Shri Kasri Chand, Superintendent of Police, City Delhi, vide letter dated 14/02/1956 says, “This is to certify that Shri Ugrasen Kashayap and Shri Brij Bhushan Kashyap, Examiners of Questioned Documents of Kashmere Gate Delhi are working as Consultant Experts fo this department.”

  2. Mr. N.N. Moitra, Superintendent of Police, SPE(E), New Delhi vide letter dated 18/08/1955 says, “…..I write to say that the Inspector General of Police, Special Police Establishment, New Delhi’s orders have been received alongwith the sanction of the Government of India to get the five cases examined by you.”
  3. Shri A.K. Kaul, IPS, Asstt. Inspector General, Railway Police, Ambala Cantt., Punjab, vide letter dated 08/04/1955 says, “...This to to certify that Shri Ugrasen Kashyap & Brij Bhushan Kashyap, Examiners of Questioned Documents, have been known to me for about 5 years. I have availed of their services on more than one occasion. I have found their work satisfactory in all respects. They are entirely dependable. I wish them all success”.
  1. Thakur Mahendra Pal Singh, Under Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Delhi Special Police Establishment, vide letter dated 29/07/1955 says, “I am directed to convey the sanction of the President to the incurring of an expenditure not exceeding …..on account of fees to be paid to the Private Handwriting Expert, Shri Ugrasen Kashyap of Delhi for examination of certain documents in SPE cases No……..”
  2. Shri P.K. Mathur, Anticorruption Officer, Northern Railway, H. Q. Office, New Delhi vide his letter dated 28/05/1955 says, “...Messrs Ugarsen Kashyap and Brij Bhushan Kashyap, Handwriting Experts,  have been known to me for many years. ...I have found their work very satisfactory in all respects. They are entirely dependable and I wish them all success”.
  1. Sri Charan Singh, Minister of Agriculture (UP) and Ex-Prime Minister of India vide letter dated 31/03/53 says, “…..This is to certify that Sri Ugrasen Kashyap, Examiner of Questioned Documents, Delhi is personally known to me for a number of years. He has given me opinion as a documents expert in several of my cases at the time when I was practicing as a lawyer and found his work quite satisfactory. He should do well on any job of trust and responsibility”. ............................APPRECIATION FROM EX-PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA

  2. Hon’ble Shri M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar (Former Speaker Lok Sabha & Governor of Bihar) says, “… Sri Ugrasen Kashyap & Brij Bhushan Kashyap are running the leading office of Handwriting Experts (at Kashmeregate, Delhi) …They enjoy an excellent reputation of ability, strict integrity and impartiality. I strongly recommend them to the legal profession”.
    Note: Shri M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar was a well known brilliant advocate from Chittoor Bar Association (A.P.) Near Temple Town of Tirupathi and later rose to political prominence through the important political positions held.
  1. Sri Ram Avatar Gupta, Advocate, Choura Rasta, Jaipur, vide letter dated 15/03/1953 says, “... I know Shri Ugrasen Kashyap, the Handwriting Expert of Delhi for last 15 years. ...I have dealt with most of the leading experts of Delhi and found him the most reasonable and capable”.
  2. Shri Baburam Gupta, Member Vidhan Sabha, Lucknow vide letter dated 31/03/1953 says, “...This is to certify that I have known Shri Ugrasen Kashyap, Examiner of Questioned Documents of Delhi for the last 18 years. ... He is a person of outstanding merit. For scientific knowledge, impartiality and incorruptibility, impressiveness in giving evidence and command on language, he is unrivalled in India. ... I believe that he could very rightly be trusted for any case and any public duties. He would be an asset to any state entrusting him with document investigation work”.
  3. Shri Mulchand Dube, Member of the House of the People, New Delhi vide letter dated 06/04/1953 says, “...I found him to be an expert of merit and what is more, a man of integrity. ...He cross examined another expert produced by the other side and I found his cross examination simply wonderful”.
  4. Mr. Wahiduddin Ahmed, Advocate, High Court, Lahore residing at Ballimaran, Delhi vide letter 19/05/1940 says, “... Mr. Uggar Sain Kashyap Handwriting Expert has given opinion in some of the cases conducted by me in the Delhi Court. His opinion(s) have been very useful to the Courts and were accept as correct. ...He has established good reputation in Delhi for integrity, impartiality and fair dealings”.
  1. Rai Bahadur Ram Kishore, Advocate, High Court and Notary Public (President Bar Association Delhi) vide letter dated 12/01/1940 says, “...I have known Mr. Ugra Sen Kashyap, Handwriting Expert of Delhi as a pupil at the University Law Hall since 1926 and afterwards as a professional Expert in Questioned  Documents. ...I am glad to say that I have found his work carefully prepared and his opinion reliable”.

    Note: Rai Bahadur Ram Kishore was the Dean of Law Faculty, Delhi, a prodigy, an epitome of scholarly traditions, a legal luminary and a colossal among the contemporary Advocates, had a charismatic bearing, a martinet, extraordinary persuasive magical power in his oratory and arguments, a man of sterling character as a Professional and the President of Delhi Bar Association with very high political connections.
In this Photograph (taken at Camera Club, Guntur(A.P.) in 1556) Mr. Ugrasen Kashyap, our Editor ths Document Examiner & Scintific Detective, is seen explaining to Hon'ble Shri C.M. Trivedi, the Governer of Andhra State and the Lady Trivedi how various kinds of forgeries are made and detected. In the background are the A.D.C. and Military Secretary of the Governer and Mr. N. Bhagwan Das the collector of Gunyur (behind the Governer) and other officers.   Expert Ugrasen Kashyap Photomicrographing a document in his studio at Delhi in 1935.
Shri B.B. Kashyap with his Excellency Dr. Seokarno, President of Indonesia and Hon'ble Shri Jawahar Lal Nehru, Prime Minister of India (soon after Independence)   Shri B.B. Kashyap with Shri C. Rajagopalachari Formerly Governor General of India (soon after Independence)
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